Java Green Peafowl
Java Green Peafowl housing requirements are much the same as Indian Blues with a pen size no smaller than 8 x 4 x 3 Meters, like Blues the pen must be roofed. We strongly recommend a soft nylon mesh similar to a fishing net as this will limit any injuries when the birds fly up (and they will) you must include a “roost perch” approx 1 – 2 meters off the ground in the shelter area with a clear path to go up and down.
Java’s are a fussier eater than Blues so more attention is required to the grain mix offered. We use a mixture of Large Parrot Mix, Poultry Mix & Hi Protein Pellets mixed in equal parts. This is offered in vermin proof dispensers 24/7 in large quantities. In addition we recommend the following be offered every second day: Greens – Lettuce, Silver beet, Cabbage – Bread (cut up into small pieces) Cat biscuits (all mixed together) In addition we recommend the following be offered twice a week: Watermelon, Rock Mellon, Grapes, Honey dew & Apple (all mixed together) this Fruit salad mix is given on the days between greens mix. Shell grit mixed with calcium powder is on offer at all times. Java’s like Blues MUST have fresh, clean & cool drinking water; they do not like dirty drinking water.
Java Greens Peafowl are far less instinctual breeders than Blues; some Peahens will not lay until their 4– 5 year. Java Peahens will lay between 4 – 8 eggs with an average clutch of 6. Incubation period of 26 – 30 days less in warm weather or high humidity. If you allow the hen to sit then it is unlikely she will hatch more than 1 - 2 as they usually only commence incubation with the last egg laid. The use of electronic Incubators or other poultry such as Bantams is a far better proposition with a high hatching rate.
Java Green Peafowl are a shy and nervous species and do not like strangers anywhere near their domain, if you intend to keep this species there are a few rules to follow:
1) Limit stranger contact ( limit numbers to 3 persons at any one time)
2) Never approach the pen at night (under any circumstances)
3) Appoint a 'feeder' this person will feed the birds and have daily contact
4) The 'feeder' should have contact twice a day
5) Do not allow a dog to be in close proximity to the birds
6) Limit and strictly supervise children in proximity to the birds
7) No sudden change of diet (if you want to change their diet do it slowly)
8) Worm them every 3 months
9) Do Not cross breed them with Indian Blues (this is a true Hybrid and worthless)
Java Green Peafowl are a rare and endangered species in their native habitats so please do NOT cross breed them with Indian Blues. 'Pure' Java Green Peafowl are only kept by a very, very limited number of people in Australia so the gene pool is limited and why those that have 'PURE' Java Greens DO NOT cross them (refer to our Article on 'Pure or Cross') You can use this Article to identify a Cross from the 'Real Thing'
Java Green Peafowl & Burmese Green Peafowl are a lesser vocal species, in fact will call 50+% less than the Indian Blue species.
Article by Peacocks Australia 2007